The goal of the ECODE project is to develop, implement, and validate experimentally a cognitive routing system that can meet the challenges experienced by the Internet in terms of manageability and security, availability and accountability, as well as routing system scalability and quality.
FIREworks is a Specific Support Action funded from FP7 Call 2, Objective 1.6 "New paradigms and experimental facilities". It coordinates and supports interworking of testbed activities in Europe and their respective connections outside of Europe, mainly to North America and Far East.
The OneLab project provides an open federated laboratory, built on PlanetLab Europe, which supports network research for the future Internet. The second phase of the OneLab project, OneLab2, started on September 1st, 2008, and will run for 27 months. It builds on the original OneLab project's foundations, continuing work on the PlanetLab Europe testbed, increasing its international visibility and extending it in both functionality and scale. PlanetLab Europe (PLE) extends the PlanetLab service across Europe, federating with other PlanetLab infrastructures worldwide. New features and technologies will be integrated into the system as and when they become available. In particular, the OneLab2 project promises enhancements to the testbed-native network monitoring service that supports experiments, and cooperates with potential customers by directly involving pilot projects to test novel ideas under synthetic or real-world situations. OneLab2 will build PLE gateways to unusual, cutting-edge networking environments, and push forward a federation model, so that PLE can serve as a basis for a future highly heterogeneous communications environment.
This four year project (IP) is developing a next generation Peer-to-Peer (P2P) content delivery platform. The core objective of P2P-Next is to move forward the technical enablers to facilitate new business scenarios for the complete value chain in the content domain from a linear unidirectional push mode to a user centric, time and place independent platform paradigm. A platform approach allows modular development and modular applications, enables knowledge sharing and facilitates technology integration, code- and skill re-use. This translates to fast development of new content delivery applications that build value for service and content providers. The development of an open source and open standards solution involves 21 partners from 12 different countries, ranging from large European players to ensure the future project's sustainability, SMEs and Subject Matter Experts to manage highly-focused technology components. P2P-Next will advance the state-of-the-art in important areas, including evolutionary content distribution, easy access to vast amount of content with metadata federation, social networking, and innovative business models for advertising.
4WARD aims to increase the competitiveness of the European networking industry and to improve the quality of life for European citizens by creating a family of dependable and interoperable networks providing direct and ubiquitous access to information. These future wireless and wireline networks will be designed to be readily adaptable to current and future needs, at acceptable cost. 4WARD's goal is to make the development of networks and networked applications faster and easier, leading to both more advanced and more affordable communication services.
AMBER is a Coordination Action bringing together experts on assessment, measurement, and benchmarking of resilience in computer systems in order to coordinate the effort of defining metrics and benchmarks for comparative evaluation of the resilience of computer systems and components. AMBER aims to coordinate the study of resilience measuring and benchmarking in computer systems and components, fostering European research in order to address the big challenges on resilience assessment posed by current and forthcoming computer systems and computer-based infrastructures.
Networks require greater degree of service-awareness. This implies that not only are all digital items pertaining to a service delivered, but also all relevant business goals are fulfilled, and network resources are used optimally. As a consequence, the network's complexity grows with service abundance placing new requirements on network control and management as well as on Internet network resource usage. Autonomic Internet (AutoI) aspires to be such a solution. It will design and develop a self-managing virtual resource overlay that can span across heterogeneous networks, support service mobility, quality of service and reliability. The overlay will self-manage, based on the business-driven service goals changes (service context) and resource environment changes (resource context). Accordingly, AutoI suggests a transition from a service agnostic Internet to service-aware network resources by means of virtualising network resources and policy-based management techniques to describe and control the internal service logic, utilizing ontology-based information and data models to facilitate the Internet service deployment in terms of programmable networks facilities supporting NGN. Finally, aiming at the unification in autonomics, AutoI is aligned with the international standard group Autonomic Communications Forum (ACF) objectives, which will provide AutoI the platform for transforming results into standards.
The CARrier grade MEsh Networks project will study and specify a wireless mesh network supporting carrier grade triple-play services for mobile/fixed network operators. To this end, the project proposes the integration of heterogeneous wireless technologies in a multi-hop fashion. To address the integration complexity of heterogeneous radio technologies, CARMEN introduces a layer 2.5 located between the subnet layer and the routing layer, in order to abstract technology specific issues into a common set of events and commands. Upper layers will use the abstract interface of layer 2.5 to dynamically adapt functions such as routing, mobility and monitoring. CARMEN will focus on three planes: technology, message transfer, and self-configuration and management, to provide a complete solution for setting up and maintaining a cost-effective carrier grade wireless mesh access network. Among other things, CARMEN addresses resilience in wireless mesh networks in terms of multi-path routing and global vs. local repair for short-term solutions, as well as self-configuration for long-term adaptation to changed network situations (including redistributions of load due to link failures). These aspects seem nicely related to ResumeNet, even though CARMEN's scope is limited to wireless mesh networks only.
This NoE's objectives are to maintain and strengthen the excellence of European research and industry in the area of cryptology; to integrate the european research in this domain and decrease fragmentation; to improve the state of the art in practice and theory of cryptology; to develop a joint infrastructure for the evaluation and benchmarking of cryptographic schemes.
In the future networked society, the physical and digital worlds will merge based on the massive usage of wireless sensor networks. Objects will be able to identify and locate themselves and to communicate through radio interfaces. Self-organized edge networks will become more and more common. Virtualization and programmability will allow for providing different networking environments over the same infrastructure. Autonomic networking will deal with the increasing complexity of I&C systems. End-user empowerment will increase with their capacity of providing services and content. This new environment forces the scientific community to develop new principles and methods to design/dimension/control/manage future multi-technology architectures. The new paradigms raise new challenging scientific and technological problems embedded in complex policy, governance, and worldwide standards issues. Dealing with the diversity of these scientific and socio-economic challenges requires the integration of a wide range of research capacities; a role that Euro-NF will fulfil. Indeed, Euro-NF extends, in scope and duration, the successful Euro-NGI/FGI NoE that has integrated the required critical mass on the networks of the future and is now a major worldwide player in this area. The consortium has evolved in order to have an optimal coverage of the new scope. Euro-NF will therefore cover the integration of a wide range of European research capacities, including researchers and research and dissemination activities. As such Euro-NF will continue to develop as a prominent European center of excellence in Future networks design and engineering, acting as a "Collective Intelligence Think Tank", representing a major support for the European Society leading towards a European leadership in this area.
EuroNF provides a Knowledge Map that contains lots of publications and other dissemination information produced in the context of the project. The Knowledge Map is available at this link: http://omega.enstb.org/eurongi/loadlink.php?state=0§ionid=0
The Intersection project is active in the field of security and protection of heterogeneous networks and infrastructures. Project activities started January 1st 2008 and will be completed in end 2009. The project is designing and implementing an integrated security framework made of different subsystems and components providing network and infrastructure security. The project Consortium will produce a working prototype of the system that will serve as final demonstrator of specific scenarios.
WOMBAT (Worldwide Observatory of Malicious Behaviors and Attack Threats ) aims at providing new means to understand the existing and emerging threats that are targeting the Internet economy and the Net citizens. To reach this goal, the proposal includes three key workpackages: (i) real time gathering of a diverse set of security related raw data, (ii) enrichment of this input by means of various analysis techniques, and (iii) root cause identification and understanding of the phenomena under scrutiny.
The Autonomic Network Architecture (ANA) integrated project is co-sponsored by the European Commission under the Information Society Technology (IST) priority on Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) under the 6th Framework Programme. The ANA project aims at exploring novel ways of organizing and using networks beyond legacy Internet technology. The ultimate goal is to design and develop a novel network architecture that enables flexible, dynamic, and fully autonomic formation of network nodes as well as whole networks. It will allow dynamic adaptation and re-organisation of the network according to the working, economical and social needs of the users. This is expected to be especially challenging in a mobile context where new resources become available dynamically, administrative domains change frequently, and the economic models may vary. The scientific objective of this proposal is to identify fundamental autonomic network principles. Moreover, this project will build, demonstrate, and test such an autonomic network architecture. The key attribute is that such a network scales in a functional way that is, the network can extend both horizontally (more functionality) as well as vertically (different ways of integrating abundant functionality).
The Network of Excellence CONTENT (ended in June 2009) has focused on content distribution in general: from the service aspects in Peer-to-Peer and content distribution networks to the network aspect dealing with the distribution of content. CONTENT was motivated by the increasing ease to produce and distribute digital information. For example, new capturing devices like digital video cameras enable professional content producers to directly produce high-quality movies for broadcasting and movie theatres in digital formats, e.g., MPEG or DV based video formats. Also, in the private domain, the use of digital cameras is constantly increasing. This trend will most likely continue, resulting in a continuous increase of the amount of produced digital AV content contributed by an ever increasing number of different providers and an increasing demand for new innovative services that engage AV content, such as distribution to the home, sharing between end users, and management of content. Among others, CONTENT has tried to establish a benchmarking methodology to compare and assess content-related services. The study about these service related aspects and their possible comparison may inspire and influence, within ResumeNet, to define the resilience of a service.
Haggle is a new autonomic networking architecture designed to enable communication in the presence of intermittent network connectivity, which exploits autonomic opportunistic communications (i.e., in the absence of end-to-end communication infrastructures). Haggle proposes a radical departure from the existing TCP/IP protocol suite, completely eliminating layering above the data-link, and exploiting and application-driven message forwarding, instead of delegating this responsibility to the network layer. To this end, the project goes beyond already innovative cross-layer approaches, defining a system that uses real best-effort, context aware message forwarding between ubiquitous mobile devices, in order to provide services when connectivity is local and intermittent.
The aim of HIDENETS (HIghly DEpendable ip-based NETworks and Services) is to develop and analyze end-to-end resilience solutions for distributed applications and mobility-aware services in ubiquitous communication scenarios. Technical solutions have been developed for applications with critical dependability requirements in the context of selected use-cases of ad-hoc car-to-car communication with infrastructure service support.
The NoE ReSIST (Resilience for survivability in IST) addresses the strategic objective "Towards a global dependability and security framework" of the European Union Work Programme, and responds to the stated "need for resilience, self-healing, dynamic content and volatile environments". It integrates researchers active in the multidisciplinary domains of Dependability, Security, and Human Factors, in order that Europe will have a well-focused coherent set of research activities aimed at ensuring that future "ubiquitous computing systems", the immense systems of ever-evolving networks of computers and mobile devices which are needed to support and provide Ambient Intelligence (AmI), have the necessary resilience and survivability, despite any residual development and physical faults, interaction mistakes, or malicious attacks and disruptions.
The main objective of Authone is to design a very innovative home network communication architecture with autonomous components allowing self-managing properties necessary for future home and pervasive scenarios. This new architecture will be composed of 4 planes (data, control, management and knowledge) allowing the system to self-configure, self-secure and self-monitor in real time so that the home-network is always optimised depending on the knowledge plane information. The project will develop this key concept of knowledge plane for driving home-networks in an autonomic way.
The Center for Networked Systems envisions The Reliable Internet, a secure and reliable infrastructure which provides predictable service, enable robust applications on heterogeneous networks. The two focus areas are networking of information, and Self-management of networks and systems. The first focus area, networking of information, is an approach for designing the net- work of the future based on an information-centric paradigm. The approach is believed to result in a network that is better adapted to information distribution and retrieval, which are the prevailing uses of current network technologies. The second focus area, self-management of networks and systems, is a vision for future networked systems requiring no manual management. CNS is creating some methods and building blocks to keep availability, utilization and quality of service at an acceptable level in future networked system that are envisioned to have increased size, complexity, dynamism and heterogeneity.
Realistic modeling and prediction of traffic in complex networking environments, as well as network monitoring and traffic analysis for traffic characterization and network security, are two research areas with many unsolved problems. The LUPUS research project aims to find novel modeling and analysis solutions by combining know-how and expertise of both areas. Work on new traffic models concentrates on the load transformation approach which allows translating arrival sequences at the application layer into arrival sequences at the network layer. With respect to traffic analysis, one research goal is to find ways to invert the load transformation in order to infer application layer loads from monitored traffic. Further traffic analysis methods to be considered are network data mining and payload-based traffic identification. Traffic analysis relies on monitoring data collected with help of adaptive passive and active network monitoring techniques. The scientific outcome of the project is to enable improved security management and performance monitoring in communication networks.
MOTIA aims to develop a methodological framework for ICT network inter-dependencies analysis. Special efforts are devoted to identify critical system inter-dependencies as potential amplifiers of negative impacts upon failures or deliberate attacks. A representative Italian case study will be deeply analyzed, whilst providing general purpose tools. In general, increased inter-dependency between a set of systems would tend to lead to reduced resilience of the overall system. In this respect, one of the main objectives is to define and implement alert-indicators for crisis prevention and mitigation policy purposes. The analysis of indicators may also help CERT's (Computer Emergency Response Teams) to take prompt and effective actions in order to recover to an acceptable operational state.
The major focus of NWO Robunet is to understand the topological robustness of complex networks. Beside topological metrics (such as the nodal degree, the clustering coefficients, hopcount, diameter, edge and vertex connectivity, etc.), one of the achievements in Robunet is the demonstration that spectral information of the Laplacian is effective. In particular, the algebraic connectivity defined by Fiedler as the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of the graph seems a crucial measure that indicates how difficult it is to tear the network apart. Moreover, within Robunet, the topology that optimizes the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian, given a fixed number of nodes N and a fixed diameter D, has been found. A remarkable observation is that, long molecules such as DNA strings in nature, seem to possess this network structure. Evolution of over time thus seems to optimize the network properties. The program is running near its end (in 2010) and insights obtained in Robunet will be used in ResumeNet in the attempt to establish a framework for topological robustness.
SpoVNet (Spontaneous Virtual Networks) follows the approach of providing spontaneous communication by composing algorithms and protocols that allow self-organization in distributed systems. Such self-organizing systems are able to adapt to the given requirements and network loads flexibly and without further involvement of administrative expenditure. Thus, various applications (e.g., telephony, downloads, telematics) should be seamlessly usable over different, heterogeneous network technologies ("any time, any where, any service"). Regarding this scenario, the applications have to be able to adjust themselves to the actual given situations of the users in their real environments dynamically. Furthermore, communication networks will have to offer the individual service demands concerning group communication, security, signalling and mobility management. In this context, today's solutions are restricted to a static kind of provision only. Although it is possible to configure VPNs to match specific requirements, their configuration is complex and rather static. Thus, a spontaneous solution is to be preferred instead. The main objective of SpoVNet is to accomplish this intention of providing the actual arising service needs spontaneously, autonomously and adaptively.
The Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) is the Australian Government's lead agency charged with applying science and technology to protect and defend Australia and its national interests. The Network Recovery and Restoration team in DSTO focuses on network survivability research. The team leader is in discussions with ResumeNet project partners in the autumn of 2009 to explore common interests and possible future collaboration.
FIND (Future Internet Design) is a major new long-term initiative of the NSF NeTS research program. FIND invites the research community to consider what the requirements should be for a global network of 15 years from now, and how we could build such a network if we are not constrained by the current Internet - if we could design it from scratch. FIND solicits research across the broad area of network architecture, principles, and mechanism design, aimed at answering these questions. The philosophy of the program is to help conceive the future by momentarily letting go of the present - freeing our collective minds from the constraints of the current state of networking. The intellectual scope of the FIND program is wide. FIND research addresses questions such as: How can we design a network that is fundamentally more secure and available than today's Internet? How would we conceive the security problem if we could start from scratch? How might such functions as information dissemination, location management or identity management best fit into a new network architecture? What will be the long-term impact of new technologies such as advanced wireless and optics? How will economics and technology interact to shape the overall design of a future network? How do we design a network that preserves a free and open society?
GENI (The Global Environment for Network Innovations) is a virtual laboratory for exploring future internets at scale, creating major opportunities to understand, innovate and transform global networks and their interactions with society. Dynamic and adaptive, GENI opens up new areas of research at the frontiers of network science and engineering, and increases the opportunity for significant socio-economic impact. GENI will support at-scale experimentation on shared, heterogeneous, highly instrumented infrastructure; enable deep programmability throughout the network, promoting innovations in network science, security, technologies, services and applications; and provide collaborative and exploratory environments for academia, industry and the public to catalyze groundbreaking discoveries and innovation.
National ICT Australia (NICTA) is Australia's ICT Research Centre of Excellence. It conducts research across the ICT spectrum, including networked systems. In 2009, NICTA has awarded a scholarship to a PhD student at The University of Sydney, who is exploring distributed challenge detection as part of research Task 2.2 of ResumeNet. Further collaboration may follow from this initial activity.